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Signs of calcium in the heart's artery walls could symbolize an early risk of cardiovascular disease, especially in men from South Asian countries, including India, and may help in developing treatment methods, as said by researchers.


Signs of calcium in the heart's artery walls could symbolize an early risk of cardiovascular disease, especially in men from South Asian countries, including India, and may help in developing treatment methods, as said by researchers.This was according to the team from the University of California-San Francisco (UCSF), people from South Asia are more prone to developing cardiovascular disease. Also, represent more than 60 percent of cardiovascular disease patients worldwide.


Risk factors are also involved with this like high blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes at quite a young age than other racial and ethnic groups. However, it remains vague as to which clinical factors could help determine those at highest risk. Moreover, South Asian men (8.8 percent) were found to have a higher rate of calcification than the women (3.6 percent) in their families.


"The presence and change of coronary artery calcium may be useful for risk prediction in this ethnic population and may better guide the judicious use of statin and other preventive therapies," told the lead author Alka Kanaya, Professor at UCSF. For the research, appearing in the Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA), the team concentrated on nearly 700 patients with ethnic backgrounds from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan and found that South Asian men had this similar high rates of change in calcification of their artery walls over a five-year period as white men.

Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is the buildup of calcium in the arteries which can cause blood vessels to narrow and lead to the development of heart disease. The early signs of CAC are where calcium specks appear in artery walls, can be detected through computed tomography (CT) scan.
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