FGM or female genital mutilation is defined by WHO as "all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons". It is practised primarily in 30 countries of Africa and some parts of the Middle East as well.
FGM is a serious issue as it violates 4 basic rights of a woman.
1. Right to life
The deliberate cutting of females reproductive organ can also lead to serious injury and possible death in extreme cases as the procedure is highly painful where all harmful procedures like pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterising the clitoris or genital area is used.
2. Right to gender discrimination.
As stated by the WHO it reflects the deep-rooted in quality and patriarchal mindset of our society where female's virginity and chastity is controlled by the male members of the society.
3. Right to physical and mental health.
The procedure not just leads to the mental torture and sufferings during the FGM but it also impacts her physical health making it difficult in passing the urine and menstrual blood plus there is a chance of infections.
4. Right to security and freedom from torture
A woman is beaten and tortured for the process of FGM which highlights the sick mentality of the society to control the women.
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